Citation Resources

Overview

In your classes, you will need to cite the various authors you have built your own scholarship upon. Good and robust citation serve as the bones for your work. Not only do they support your creative remixing and interpretations of concepts and ideas, but they also help other scholars both check your work and discover ideas upon which to build.

Using standard citation methods helps communities of scholars speak the same language when it comes to finding and using sources in their work. This document points to useful resources along three of the major citation methods:

  • APA (American Psychological Association),
  • MLA (Modern Language Association), and
  • CMS (Chicago Manual of Style).

For a quick comparison of citation styles, see the following document Citation Chart from Purdue OWL.

APA Resources

APA, which is shorthand for "the American Psychological Association style of citation," is commonly used by the following academic disciplines:

  • Business,
  • Social Sciences, such as Psychology, Linguistics, Sociology, and Economics, and
  • Nursing.

Below, you can find helpful resources for getting started using APA to cite within your papers.

MLA Resources

MLA, which is shorthand for "the Modern Language Association", is used by the following academic disciplines:

  • English,
  • Cultural Studies, and
  • Foreign Language and Literature.

Below you can find some helpful resources on how to use the MLA citation and style method in your papers.

CMS Resources

CMS is shorthand for the Chicago Manual of Style. It is often used interchangeably with the Turabian style, which is a bit more student friendly. We commonly see Chicago being used in the following academic disciplines:

  • History,
  • Philosophy, and
  • Religious Studies.

Below you can find some helpful resources on how to use the Chicago citation and style method in your papers.